World Conference on Transport Research Society
7th WCTR - Sydney' 95

 

Awards of the 7th WCTR in Sidney (Australia)  

In Sidney (1995) the Prize Sub-Committee chaired by Professor Yoshi Hayashi, consisted of the following members selected by the Scientific Committee to represent a broad spectrum of the Society's geographic, academic and professional membership : Moshe BEN AKIVA (MIT, USA), Bruno FAIVRE D'ARCIER (INRETS Univ. Lumière, F), Yoshitsugu HAYASHI (Nagoya University, Japan), Sue MCNEIL (Carnegie Mellon University, USA), Hisa MORISUGI (Gifu University, Japan), Tae OUM (Univ. of British Columbia, Canada), Robert RIVIER (EPFL, Switzerland), Cees RUIJGROK (Inst.for Spatial Organization, NL), Derek SCRAFTON (South Australian Govt., Australia), Michael TAYLOR (Univ. of South Austr., Australia), Michael WEGENER (Univ. of Dortmund, Germany).

The task of the sub committee was first to review the over one hundred papers recommended for prizes (long list) by referees. On a basis of originality, scientific merit, clarity and practical importance, a short list of a dozen papers was compiled, and from this, five prize winners were selected. It should be mentioned that we members of Prize Sub-Committee admit it was almost an impossible task to select the winners because the qualities of candidate papers were much higher than good papers appearing in major transport journals. One paper was part written by a committee member and was set aside for fairness.

 

  • The WCTR Prize (sponsored this year by the Australian Government for excellence) was presented by Dr Maurice Haddad of the Bureau of Transport and Communications Economics. It was awarded to :

Fabienne MARGAIL and Pascal AUZANNET (France)
"PLANIFICATION INTERMODALE DES RÉSEAUX DE TRANSPORT URBAIN DE VOYAGEURS" ("Urban Public Transport Network Intermodal Planning: a method for determining an optimal location of interchange sites for connections between private cars and public transport")

This paper presents an original approach of multimodality, through a detailed analysis of private and public costs induced by each transport mode. This research is based on a important work which identifies these costs and builds a global accounting system. This system is presently used as a means to assess multimodal transport policies in the Paris urban area. Through a comparison of each mode's economic and social efficiency, the authors highlight some counterintuitive results about the performance of cars and public transport and conclude their paper with a new way to organize urban transport networks, with respect to economic and social efficiency.

 

  • Dr Haddad also presented the Pacific Rim prize on behalf of the Australian Government. The prize was awarded to :Takayuki UEDA (Japan)
    "A WELFARE ANALYSIS OF A SYSTEM OF CITIES IN TRANSPORT NETWORK"

This paper analyses the impacts of inter-regional transport improvements on a system of cities and evaluates these impacts in terms of social welfare. The major implication from the analysis is that a policy of reducing transport costs by transport infrastructure improvements leads to a dispersed pattern of cities with high environmental externalities. The paper is a particularly innovative contribution to the important discussion about what constitutes a well-balanced nationwide settlement system. It is well written and clearly organized.

  • The city of Yokohama also awards two prizes. Followed by a report on the history of the Yokohama prizes by Ms Noriko Mitsuhashi, the Yokohama Prize was awarded to:Staffan ALGERS, Andrew DALY and Per KJELLMAN, Staffan WIDLERT (Sweden)
    "APPLICATION OF THE STOCKHOLM MODEL SYSTEM"

The paper describes an extended travel demand forecasting system, based on disaggregate models and incorporating many original features including interactions between household members and decisions leading to trip chaining. The jury appreciated the quality of the theoretical foundations, and the extensive effort that has been made to turn the system into a practical working tool.

 

  • Ms Mitsuhashi also presented the Yokohama Special Prize for a young researcher. The prize was awarded to : Anming ZHANG (Canada)
    "EFFECTS OF LOCAL COMPETITION IN HUB-SPOKE NETWORKS"

The paper analyzes the strategic competition between airlines who operate hub-and-spoke networks and concludes that the fortress hub is formed as a result of strategic interaction between competing airlines. The paper identifies negative network externality of competing in the rival airline's fortress hub, and shows that the entrance of a new carrier into an existing fortress hub may, in fact, reduce social welfare.

 

  • The final paper prize was the South Australian Government prize which was presented by Derek Scrafton, Director-General of Transport in South Australia. The prize was awarded to : Glen D'ESTE (Australia)
    "AN EVENT BASED APPROACH TO MODELLING INTERMODAL FREIGHT SYSTEMS"

This paper develops an alternative conceptual framework for modelling intermodal freight systems and outlines a network implementation. The framework treats intermodalism as an influence of services which may be interpreted as logistical events. This approach directs attention away from linehaul and location and forwards intermodal transitions in the broadest sense. The framework developed is quite original and gives a basis for understanding logistical choice behaviour in a way to incorporate complex service and cost trade-offs involved in freight logistics management, which are not incorporated into conventional origin-destination traffic modelling.

 

  • The prestigious Dupuit Prize was sponsored by Viatek Ltd of Finland, and was presented by Mr Larry Johnson, representing Viatek. It was awarded to a person whose scientific and professional career has been of distinguished benefit to the transport community. The recipient of the Jules Dupuit Prize for the 7th WCTR was : Marvin MANHEIM (U.S.A.)

He is the creator of the transportation systems analysis paradigm that is universally used by practitioners, researchers and educators. His original conceptual developments have established the foundations for the major advances in transportation management and analysis that have distinguished our profession during the past three decades. His pioneering contributions span the most critical and innovative areas of transportation planning and management. For many years he has been at the forefront of research on the ramifications of the developments in information technologies, and how they can affect organizational change and management processes. He was also the driving force in the establishment of WCTRS and served as a its first president. He is a dedicated scholar who served as a mentor and a role model for many of us. In whatever he does, he is one of the first; and after many years of service as a teacher, researcher and consultant, he is still as active, energetic and enthusiastic as a freshly minted Ph.D.